Ljubljana is the capital of the Republic of Slovenia, administratively a part of MOL and, in broader terms, a part of the Ljubljana Urban Region. Covering an area of 275 km2 it encompasses 1.36 % of Slovenian territory and has 280 140 inhabitants (in 2010), who make up for 13.7 % of population of Slovenia. Economically speaking, it is by far the most developed region in the country with a GDP per capita 42.6 % above Slovenian average (in 2009).
Ljubljana is also the country’s most important political, administrative and cultural centre as well as the headquarters of all important state institutions - Slovenian Parliament,
Government of the Republic of Slovenia, government Ministries, embassies and other important Slovenian and foreign organisations, including the EU Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (since 2011). Size-wise Ljubljana classifies as a medium-size European city and has an important geostrategic position, as it is situated on a natural crossroad from Central Europe to the Mediterranean, to the Balkan Peninsula and to the Pannonian Basin, and also lays on the crossroad of important TEN-T European corridors V and X. Public transportation provides good connections to major European cities and Ljubljana is just an hour’s drive from both the seaside and high-mountain ski-resorts.
Forbes Magazine ranked Ljubljana the fifth most idyllic city in Europe (2009), according to a survey conducted by Reader’s Digest, it is the most honest city in the world (2008), and a Mercer survey showed it is the safest city in SE Europe (2008, 2011). Since 2009, MOL holds a charter for being a “Disabled-friendly city”. Ljubljana has a five thousand-year-long history. First settlements were built at the end of the second millennium BC (Early Bronze Age and Iron Age) and it was first mentioned in written sources as Laibach between 1112 and 1125, and later as Luwigana in 1146. Ljubljana is a city with a high quality of life. The city’s development and implementation of ambitious goals are led by MOL authorities and City administration bodies, bodies of 17 district authorities, 97 public institutions, 8 corporations, 1 public fund; in total the extended municipal family has 12 000 co-workers. In the last few years, Ljubljana was revitalized with a number of new or renovated infrastructure, additional cultural and sports events, expanded social security programmes and accelerated organization of public transportation system, while at the same time great emphasis has been placed on maintaining high quality of living and protection of nature. As a modern city with numerous improvements, Ljubljana is steadily strengthening its position in competition with other European capitals.
Ljubljana celebrates the city holiday on May 9th in memory of the liberation of Ljubljana in 1945, which is also Peace Day, Victory Day, the international day of victory over Fascism and Nazism, and Europe Day. The second Ljubljana holiday takes place on April 14th and commemorates the oldest written record of Ljubljana.
The city’s symbol is a dragon depicted both on the city coat-ofarms and city-flag.